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Table 2 Summary of the blocking mechanisms

From: Requirements for innovation policy in emerging high-tech industries

Mechanism Weakens the functiona Description
Low level of domestic collaboration a, b, c, f Low connectedness of the actors hampers the development of shared goals and decreases synergy benefits from collaboration.
Absence of advocacy coalitions limits the visibility of the fields and reduces influence over policy makers.
Poor university–industry relationships hinder knowledge transfer.
Remote location a, b, d, f Geographical, institutional and cultural distances from global networks make knowledge transfer, attracting funding, and commercialization difficult.
Public image a, b, c, d, e, f Poor public images discourage actors from joining the fields which creates negative feedback loops that decrease the performances of all functions.
Small firm size c, e SMEs are lacking communication channels with policy makers who in turn are unable to acknowledge their needs.
Technology-specific policy needs a, e, d Insufficient regulation and legislation generate difficulties in the commercialization of the products.
Differences in research and development times are not acknowledged in public funding.
Lack of business know-how b, f Lack of commercialization experience hinders the market introduction of new products
  1. aFunctions: (a) knowledge development and diffusion, (b) entrepreneurial experimentation, (c) influence on the direction of search, (d) market formation, (e) legitimation, (f) resource mobilization