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Table 1 Overview of published CCW standpoint papers and governmental documents concerning LAWS of the USA and China 2011–2021

From: “Autonomous weapons” as a geopolitical signifier in a national power play: analysing AI imaginaries in Chinese and US military policies

Country Name of Document Date of Publication Type of Document Abbreviation
    CCW Gov.  
United States of America U.S. Opening Statement at the CCW Informal Meeting of Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems April 15, 2015 x   US.CCW1
Characteristics of Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems November 10, 2017 x   US.CCW2
Humanitarian Benefits of Emerging Technologies in the Area of Lethal Autonomous Weapons March 28, 2018 x   US.CCW3
Characterization of the systems under consideration in order to promote a common understanding on concepts and characteristics relevant to the objectives and purposes of the CCW April 10, 2018 x   US.CCW4
U.S. Statement on the Outcome of the GGE April 13, 2018 x   US.CCW5
Human-Machine Interaction in the Development, Deployment and Use of Emerging Technologies in the Area of Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems August 28, 2018 x   US.CCW6
Implementing International Humanitarian Law in the Use of Autonomy in Weapon Systems Geneva March 28, 2019 x   US.CCW7
CCW Meeting of High Contracting Parties – U.S. Statement on emerging issues November 14, 2019 x   US.CCW8
Documents Reflecting U.S. Practice Related to Emerging Technologies in the Area of Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems June 11, 2021 x   US.CCW9
DoD Directive on Autonomy in Weapon Systems November 21, 2012   x US.PosP1
Deputy Secretary of Defense Speech: The Third U.S. Offset Strategy and its Implications for Partners and Allies January 28, 2015   x US.PosP2
Summary of the 2018 White House Summit on AI for American Industry May 10, 2018   x US.PosP3
Unmanned Systems Integrated Roadmap 2017-2042 August 28, 2018   x US.PosP4
Summary of the 2018 Department of Defense Artificial Intelligence Strategy: Harnessing AI to Advance Our Security and Prosperity February 12, 2019   x US.PosP5
Maintaining American Leadership in Artificial Intelligence February 14, 2019   x US.PosP6
DoD Digital Modernization Strategy July 12, 2019   x US.PosP7
The United States Air Force Artificial Intelligence Annex to The Department of Defense Artificial Intelligence Strategy September 12, 2019   x US.PosP8
Ensuring American Leadership in Automated Vehicle Technologies. Automated Vehicles 4.0 December 23, 2019   x US.PosP9
National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence July 13, 2020   x US.PosP10
Executive Summary: DoD Data Strategy. Unleashing Data to Advance the National Defense Strategy September 30, 2020   x US.PosP11
Defense Primer: U.S. Policy on Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems December 01, 2020   x US.PosP12
U.S. Department of Homeland Security Artificial Intelligence Strategy December 03, 2020   x US.PosP13
Defense Primer: U.S. Policy on Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems (updated) November 17, 2021   x US.PosP14
International Discussions Concerning Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems December 21, 2021   x US.PosP15
Emerging Military Technologies: Background and Issues for Congress April 06, 2022   x US.PosP16
China Statement by the Head of the Chinese Delegation. During the General Debate at the Fifth Review Conference of CCW December 12, 2017 x   CH.CCW1
Position Paper April 11, 2018 x   CH.CCW2
China’s Comments on the Working Recommendations of the Group of Governmental Experts on LAWS May, 2021 x   CH.CCW3
China’s National Defense in 2010. The State Council Information Office of the People's Republic of China March 31, 2011   x CH.PosP1
China’s Peaceful Development. The State Council Information Office of the People's Republic of China September 06, 2011   x CH.PosP2
International Strategy of Cooperation on Cyberspace December 16, 2015   x CH.PosP3
New Generation of Artificial Intelligence Development Plan July 08, 2017   x CH.PosP4
Three-Year Action Plan for Promoting Development of a New Generation Artificial Intelligence Industry (2018–2020) December 12, 2017   x CH.PosP5
Artificial Intelligence Standardization White Paper January 24, 2018   x CH.PosP6
Advancing the Healthy Development of Our Nation’s New Generation of Artificial Intelligence October 31, 2018   x CH.PosP7
Beijing AI Principles May 25, 2019   x CH.PosP8
China's National Defense in the New Era July 24, 2019   x CH.PosP9
China and the World in the New Era. The State Council Information Office of the People's Republic of China September 27, 2019   x CH.PosP10