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Table 2 Different perceptions and attitudes towards the world

From: Post-normal times: re-thinking the futures of the EU-Africa relationship

  Classic Modern Postmodern Post-normal
Meaning I think therefore I am I progress therefore I am I shop therefore I am I share therefore I am
Truth Defined Monolithic Relative Contradictory
Identity Tradition and culture Science and technology Consumption Connectivity
Systems Simple, closed Complicated, closed Complex, open Open, chaotic interconnected
Key concepts Conquest, progress supremacy, Progress, efficiency, modernization Relativism, plurality, individuality Complexity, chaos, contradictions
  1. Source: Adapted from the timeline at CPPFS web page: