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Table 1 Perceived past and future influences of the identified factors on EU-Africa relationship

From: Post-normal times: re-thinking the futures of the EU-Africa relationship

  Factors Past Future
Economy Financing the operation of the relationship 5 7
Mutual dependency on each other’s markets 5 6
Level of mutual dependence on each other’s critical resources 6 6
Aid dependency 16 0
Global world order 4 11
Power and politics The focus areas of EU-Africa relations 0 4
The type of relationship pattern between the EU and Africa 8 3
The level of asymmetry in power relations between EU and Africa 14 2
Mutual security dependency 1 12
African agency The level of African organizational unity as a global partner with EU 2 8
The level of unity of African views regarding relationships with EU 3 5
The nature of the EU-Africa relationship project seen by Africans 0 1
The level of development of African entrepreneurship/enterprises 3 6
Africa’s attractiveness relative to other continents in developing relations with Europe 0 8
The role of the African diaspora 0 7
European agency The level of European organizational unity as a global partner with Africa 6 1
The level of unity of European views regarding relationships with Africa 7 0
Geographical coverage of EU-Africa relationship 10 2
Europe’s attractiveness relative to other continents in developing relations with Africa 1 5
  1. Source: Authors