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Table 2 Past and present pictures, scenario paths, and roadmaps for software-related futures mapping

From: Future smart energy software houses

Sphere (Fig. 1) Related scenarios, roadmaps
Climate change • UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development [54]
Policies and Regulation • EU 2030 Energy Strategy [55]
• Electrification (in the large) [7]
• Low-carbon transitions [4]
• Energy landscape changes [18]
Energy (Electricity) systems • SGEM: Smart Grid development, Markets [22]
• European Electricity Grid Initiative (EEGI) [21]
• European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity (ENTSO-E) R&D&I [12]
• Grid edges [8]
• Electrification (power systems) [7]
• Rural area networks [56]
• Next-generation grids [57]
Software • SGEM: Technology [22]
• EU Software technology research [58]
User/customer • SGEM: end-user [22]
• Rural energy system customers [56]
• Urban energy system users [59]
• Consumer behavior changes [51]