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Table 4 Values of framework indicators for truck transport in BAU and recommendation scenarios in 2013, 2030 and 2050

From: CO2 reduction costs and benefits in transport: socio-technical scenarios

  2013 2030 2050
BAU Recommendation BAU Recommendation
Gross value added (billion €) 172 240 240 343 343
Value density (€/t) 637 710 710 856 856
Goods transported (million t) 269 339 339 401 401
Avg. length of haul (km) 78 76 76 74 74
Truck haulage (billion tkm) 21 26 26 30 30
Avg. load (t) 10.8 12.6 12.8 12.3 14.9
Truck laden mileage (million km) 1431 1617 1602 1934 1686
Empty running (% total mileage) 26% 21% 20% 20% 15%
Total mileage (million km) 1936 2044 2002 2416 1984
Avg. energy consumption (kWh/km) 3.6 3.2 3.1 2.7 2.5
Total energy consumption (TWh) 7.0 6.5 6.3 6.6 4.9
CO2 content (kg/kWh) 0.25 0.23 0.22 0.23 0.10
CO2 emissions (Mt) 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.5 0.5
Transport intensity (tkm/€) 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.09 0.09
Energy efficiency (tkm/kWh) 3.0 3.9 4.1 4.5 6.0
CO2 intensity (kg/€) 0.010 0.006 0.006 0.004 0.001