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Table 3 Values of framework indicators for passenger cars in three scenarios in 2011, 2030 and 2050

From: CO2 reduction costs and benefits in transport: socio-technical scenarios

  2011 2030 2050
BAU Recommendation Technology BAU Recommendation Technology
Population (> 6 years old, million) 5.0 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.7
Number of trips (per year per person) 1031 1029 1029 1029 1027 1027 1027
Total trips (billion) 5.2 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.9 5.9 5.9
Modal share of car (% of trips) 59% 59% 51% 59% 58% 38% 58%
Car trips (billion) 3.1 3.3 2.9 3.3 3.4 2.2 3.4
Avg. length of car trip (km) 17 17 18 17 17 19 17
Car transport volume (billion pkm) 53.0 56.9 51.0 56.9 58.8 42.9 58.8
Avg. occupancy (persons) 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 2.4 1.8
Car mileage (billion km) 38.7 41.5 35.5 41.5 42.9 23.6 42.9
Avg. energy consumption (kWh/km) 0.61 0.40 0.36 0.36 0.34 0.21 0.19
Car energy consumption (TWh) 23.9 16.5 13.0 15.0 14.8 4.9 8.3
Energy CO2 content (kg/kWh) 0.24 0.22 0.21 0.19 0.20 0.10 0.06
Car CO2 emissions (Mt) 5.8 3.7 2.7 2.8 3.0 0.5 0.5
Transport intensity (km/person/year) 13,717 13,608 13,425 13,608 13,528 13,354 13,528
of which by car 10,553 10,413 9338 10,413 10,317 7519 10,317
Energy efficiency (pkm/kWh) 2.4 3.6 4.3 3.9 4.1 8.2 6.3
Car energy efficiency (pkm/kWh) 2.2 3.5 3.9 3.8 4.0 8.8 7.1
CO2 intensity (kg/person/year) 1362 833 655 656 665 181 168
of which by car 1155 670 498 511 525 85 94