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Table 6 Classification of foresight methods

From: A note on the classification of future-related methods

Type Method
1. Focus on the present Environmental scanning; strategic interviews; Causal Layered Analysis; weak signals; wild cards
2. Focus on the past
3_Alpha (from the past/present to the future) Scenarios (Manoa-Houston and Shell); scenarios (the French variant); futures wheel; morphological analysis; visioning; Three Horizons
3_Beta (from the future to the present/past) Backcasting