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Table 4 TOWS part 2—creating a number of feasible actions by combining external with internal factors. Actions also show the internal and external factors they are sourced from

From: Using systems thinking to design actionable futures: a nuclear weapons example

  External Threats
T1 Islamic Faction controls some nuclear weapons
T2 Militants gain strength from unstable nation
T3 Militants are supported by Islamic Faction
T4 Nation is becoming unstable
T5 Pakistan unlikely to welcome external military forces
T6 International will is lacking
External Opportunities
O1 International fear of insecure nuclear weapons
O2 Pakistan used to military rule
O3 US military and resources
O4 India Military and bases
O5 Islamic and Militant forces vulnerable to attack
O6 Loyalists are well organised and ingrained in environment
Internal Weaknesses
W1 Limited available military forces
W2 Takes time to mobilise military forces
W3 Low pool of resources
1. Build a coalition for an intervention (W1,W3,T6) 7. Focused military strikes on enemy leadership (W1,O5)
8. Increase readiness of military forces for deployment (W2,O5)
Internal Strengths
S1 Highly specialised forces
S2 Relatively well respected internationally
S3 Well organised humanitarian relief strategies
2. Deploy humanitarian forces to stabilise Pakistan (S3,T4,T2)
3. Eliminate support links between Islamic Faction and Militants (S1,T3)
4. PR campaign that supports an international intervention (S2,T5)
5. Use SF to locate nuclear weapons (S1,T1)
6. Lobby UN in support of intervention (S2,T6)
9. Focus international community on risk of unsecured nukes to garner support (S2,O1)
10. Form coalition with US and India so as to leverage their military assets (S2,O3, O4)
11. Provide military training to Loyalists (S1,S2,O6)