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Table 2 The key actor in the relationship between media and politics

From: The application of causal layered analysis to understand the present conditions and possible futures of media and politics in Iran

Actor - The state regime (key actor)
Influential period - 1978-present
Reason - Promoting socialist economic values (and some liberal values and concepts like entrepreneurship) in recent years (particularly in the mid-1990s)
- Promoting Islamic and revolutionary values
- Propagating the idea of enmity between Iran and Western countries, specifically the USA
- Mobilizing public masses against pro-Western elites
Influence on media politics - Dominating media ownership
- Dominating media content production
- Controlling media by censorship/filtering and other suppression means
- Handling key media infrastructures like ASPs or broadcasting
- Banning alternative infrastructures like satellite TV or private ASPs