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Table 2 R&D characteristics

From: A proposal of a new foresight platform considering of sustainable development goals

Variables Definitions Options
Importance Comprehensive importance from both S&T and societal perspectives Select one from: Very High / High / Low / Very Low
* Responses are coded as Very High = 4, High = 3, Low = 2, Very Low = 1
Uncertainty Involving many stochastic elements and needing methods to tolerating failures and multiple approaches to be considered during R&D  
Discontinuity The result of R&D is not merely an extension of current state but is market-destructive and innovative  
Morality Needing to consider morality and societal acceptance during R&D  
Global competitiveness Enabling Japan to have global competitiveness over other countries