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Table 1 Delphi topics related to the co-existence of humans and AI

From: A proposal of a new foresight platform considering of sustainable development goals

No. Field Topics Importa nce Uncertai nty Disconti nuity Morality Global Competi tiveness Technological realization Real-world implem entation
1 Service-oriented society The generalization of robot inspection technology to inspect buildings or infrastructures that would be more dangerous or costly for humans to inspect. 3.68 3.23 2.45 2.36 2.32 2020 2025
2 ICT and analytics Technology to ensure that critical systems which could malfunction and endanger people’s lives or health. 3.63 2.71 3.17 2.67 2.70 2025 2030
3 ICT and analytics A robot which conducts dangerous work such as road, railroad, or electrical maintenance in cooperation with workers with specialized knowledge and skills. 3.61 3.13 2.68 2.49 2.48 2025 2025
4 Service-oriented society Intelligent robots that can be remotely controlled by family members in order to provide lifestyle support to elderly and mildly disabled people living in remote areas becomes widespread. 3.61 3.09 2.70 2.52 3.17 2024 2026
5 Service-oriented society Introduction of technologies to communication and nursing care robots that both ensure human safety and shorten the amount of time humans and robots are in contact during operations. 3.59 3.19 2.50 2.59 3.32 2020 2025
6 ICT and analytics True portable artificial intelligence enabled by high performance computer technology that can be used in machines such as robots. 3.58 3.19 2.94 3.02 2.42 2025 2030
7 Social infrastructure Robots capable of successfully rescuing people from rubble or providing emergency transport inside buildings. 3.58 3.16 2.45 2.38 2.40 2024 2026
8 Service-oriented society Laws on agricultural corporations will be amended, opening the door to the creation of new agricultural businesses such as fully automated robot farm work. 3.55 2.80 2.50 2.65 2.35 2023 2025
9 Service-oriented society Development of a framework to achieve efficiency without sacrificing quality when services are provided by IT or robots in the service industry. 3.44 3.11 2.56 2.44 3.22 2030 2033
10 Social infrastructure Disaster relief robots to identify and rescue survivors at disaster sites. 3.39 3.21 2.89 2.60 2.57 2025 2030
11 Health, medical care and life Sciences Treatments for restoring lower limb functions that were lost due to spinal cord injuries by using walking-support robots. 3.37 3.44 2.19 2.15 2.41 2021 2025
12 Health, medical care and life Sciences A surgical robot which transmits the texture of tissues and organs to the hand of the operator through high sensitivity haptic detection and feedback functions. 3.33 3.00 2.63 2.71 2.33 2022 2025
13 Agriculture, forestry and fisheries, food and biotechnology Robotic technology to automate farm work completely. 3.33 3.36 2.75 2.67 2.33 2023 2028
14 Service-oriented society Establishment of advanced residential building design technology that enables the elderly and people with disabilities to have a ‘natural life,’ in which barrier-free design is improved and made compatible with coexisting with robots. 3.33 2.86 2.33 2.33 2.67 2025 2028
15 Social infrastructure Housing incorporating robots and other equipment to help elderly people and the handicapped eat, bathe, use the bathroom, and enjoy recreation on their own without the help of a caregiver. 3.30 3.07 2.49 2.41 2.94 2025 2025
16 Social infrastructure Life support robots which provide users with disaster prevention, crime prevention, and nursing support functions. 3.30 3.00 2.68 2.71 3.00 2025 2030
17 Health, medical care and life Sciences An intention communication device (brain machine interface, or BMI) that directly reflects brain activity to support the daily activities of patients suffering from severe motor function disability due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). 3.29 2.94 2.91 2.81 2.91 2025 2030
18 Social infrastructure Intelligent robots to work on construction sites instead of humans. 3.28 3.22 2.53 2.58 2.54 2024 2025
19 ICT and analytics Social consensus about the relationship between machines (e.g. robots) and humans. 3.27 3.00 2.85 2.85 3.69 2025 2030
20 ICT and analytics Artificial Intelligence capable of understanding conversation and the relationship between speakers so that it is able to participate in the conversation naturally. 3.20 2.83 2.98 2.76 2.55 2028 2030
21 ICT and analytics A robot which first possesses infant- level intelligence, physical, and learning abilities, then through human education and external information develops until it obtains adult-level work skills. 3.09 2.77 3.20 3.10 3.06 2030 2037
22 Social infrastructure Robots which clear snow from roofs, around houses, and on roads safely and efficiently. 3.00 2.82 2.28 2.09 2.25 2025 2028